Yale School of Management

Posts by SME

Paycheck Protection Program spread loans widely, if not evenly

August 7, 2020
Congress charged the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), enacted under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Security (CARES) Act on March 27, with lending to small businesses stricken by the effects of COVID-19, and authorized private lenders to facilitate an unprecedented flow of Small Business Administration (SBA)-guaranteed loans. On this first objective, the program delivered, approving nearly 4.9 million loans with a total volume just north of $521 billion. But its performance, its efficacy, and its efficiency remain unsettled questions. Continue reading “Paycheck Protection Program spread loans widely, if not evenly”

Design Considerations and Interesting Features of SME Support Programs

July 23, 2020
Over the past four months, governments have announced more than 700 programs to provide assistance to small- and medium-sized enterprises. These firms are vital to the world economy and are particularly vulnerable to the COVID-19 shock.   YPFS has compiled a list of design considerations for policymakers in developing and implementing SME support programs. Under each design consideration, we have a number of observations regarding interesting features and design challenges seen across programs to date.   Download this PDF to access our resource.  Continue reading “Design Considerations and Interesting Features of SME Support Programs ”

Utilization of Credit Support Programs for SMEs

July 20, 2020
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented a variety of programs to support small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). A large portion of these programs are designed to facilitate credit access. These programs range in size, eligibility, and terms. YPFS has begun to compile usage information on 26 major programs across 16 countries. The information can be found in this spreadsheet.   Continue reading “Utilization of Credit Support Programs for SMEs”

Fed Expands Main Street Lending Program to Include Nonprofits

July 20, 2020
On July 17, the Federal Reserve expanded eligibility for the Main Street Lending Program (MSLP) to include nonprofit organizations such as educational institutions, hospitals, and social service organizations. The Fed will purchase 95% participations in loans to nonprofits under terms that are similar to terms it previously announced for for-profit companies, with additional criteria tailored to non-profit organizations. Continue reading “Fed Expands Main Street Lending Program to Include Nonprofits”

Paycheck Protection Program highlights numerous oversight concerns even as the SBA makes first disclosures

July 13, 2020
The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which passed on March 27, established the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), the US government’s largest and most controversial program put in place to address the economic impacts of the COVID-19 virus. Since April 3,the PPP has issued nearly 4.9 million loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA). As of June 30, banks and other private lenders have extended $521 billion in government-guaranteed, forgivable loans under the program. The government’s support measures have enjoyed popularity with taxpayers compared to those enacted during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). However, the PPP has been under constant scrutiny from Congress and industry critics since implementation. In response to such criticism and changing economic conditions, both Congress and the SBA have repeatedly modified the program. Continue reading “Paycheck Protection Program highlights numerous oversight concerns even as the SBA makes first disclosures”