Yale School of Management

Posts by International

The Limits of the G20's Debt Service Suspension Initiative

May 18, 2020

As of May 1, G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) for 76 International Development Association (IDA) countries and least developed countries (LDCs) has become operational. However, it remains unclear whether private-sector creditors will collaborate on such efforts for those countries and the question on what to do about the much larger debts of low- and middle-income countries is still open.

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EU Programs Supporting non-EU Countries

May 13, 2020

On April 22, the European Commission approved a €3 billion macro-financial assistance (MFA) program to ten neighboring countries outside the European Union for a period of one year to help them cover their immediate financing needs. Like the €20 billion Team Europe strategy announced earlier, this helps demonstrate the EU’s solidarity with other countries in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Multinational Organizations’ Efforts to Assist Countries through COVID-19 crisis

May 6, 2020

The International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, and other multinational organizations have announced plans to make hundreds of billions of dollars available to emerging markets in response to the COVID-19 crisis. But their own experts have said these funds will probably be insufficient, and they have collectively released only a small fraction of that amount so far.

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IFC Provides $8 Billion in Fast-Track Financing to Private Sector

April 29, 2020

The International Finance Corporation (IFC) will be providing fast-track financing of $8 billion to support companies impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. On March 3, the World Bank Group approved $6 billion in fast-track financing through the IFC. It approved an additional $2 billion on March 17.

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A Long Way to Go for Emerging Markets

April 27, 2020

The developing world will soon become the frontlines in the battle against the coronavirus, and markets are bracing for the resulting fallout. The Covid-19 crisis has already had an unprecedented effect on emerging markets—more than 100 of the IMF’s member countries have already asked for aid: Simultaneous health and financial crises add fuel to the linkages between sovereign debt crises, banking crises, and growth and competitiveness crises. In this note, we discuss financial markets’ responses in the first months of the current crisis, the unique challenges EMs face compared to wealthier nations, and reasons for cautious optimism at the present moment.

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The IMF Expands and Expedites Lending in Response to the COVID-19 crisis

April 22, 2020

Since March, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has expanded existing lending programs and introduced new ones to help countries bear the costs of the COVID-19 crisis. As of April 21, it had approved a total of $8.7 billion in emergency financing for over 40 member countries, of the more than 100 countries that have requested assistance. (See the updated list here).

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World Bank Support to Developing Countries

April 16, 2020

The World Bank (“The Bank”) has deployed a number of programs to support developing countries during the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. Since March, over 65 countries have received financial support in amounts ranging from USD 2 million to USD 1 billion. The programs aim to assist governments experiencing severe fiscal constraints and support healthcare infrastructure during the pandemic. Overall, the Bank committed to provide up to USD 160 billion in long term loans and grants to be deployed globally over the next 15 months. This post describes the channels, size of support, lending conditions and the way governments use funds for different World Bank programs.

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