Yale School of Management

Posts by CARES Act

Paycheck Protection Program spread loans widely, if not evenly

August 7, 2020
Congress charged the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), enacted under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Security (CARES) Act on March 27, with lending to small businesses stricken by the effects of COVID-19, and authorized private lenders to facilitate an unprecedented flow of Small Business Administration (SBA)-guaranteed loans. On this first objective, the program delivered, approving nearly 4.9 million loans with a total volume just north of $521 billion. But its performance, its efficacy, and its efficiency remain unsettled questions. Continue reading “Paycheck Protection Program spread loans widely, if not evenly”

The Federal Reserve expands eligible counterparties and agents in three emergency facilities

July 24, 2020
On July 23, the Federal Reserve expanded eligible counterparties and agents in three emergency lending facilities: the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF), the Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF), and the Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facility (SMCCF). This move is aimed at increasing the Fed’s operational capacity and reach into the targeted markets. Continue reading “The Federal Reserve expands eligible counterparties and agents in three emergency facilities”

GAO Report Highlights Opportunities to Improve Federal COVID Response and Recovery Efforts

July 13, 2020
On June 25, 2020 the Government Accountability Office (GAO) provided a comprehensive report to Congress detailing the US government’s response to the COVID pandemic, particularly the four relief laws passed prior to June 2020, and actionable steps to improve those efforts. Within these four laws, $2.6 trillion has been mobilized (breakdown below). However, the GAO does not have insight into the actual expenditures, only appropriations, as the federal agencies will begin detailing spending in their July 2020 monthly reporting. In regards to the overall federal response, the GAO notes the speed with which the programs were launched. However it faults agencies for “[making] only limited progress so far in achieving transparency and accountability goals.” Continue reading “GAO Report Highlights Opportunities to Improve Federal COVID Response and Recovery Efforts”

Small Business Administration Announces Updates to Small Business Support Programs

June 18, 2020
The Small Business Administration (SBA) and Treasury recently released guidance related to the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) to clarify that they will forgive loans to employers that are unable to rehire or maintain employment levels. The agencies also released a simplified forgiveness application. Continue reading “Small Business Administration Announces Updates to Small Business Support Programs”

Federal Reserve Expands Support to Corporate Bond Markets Again

June 16, 2020
On June 15, the Federal Reserve (Fed) updated and expanded the Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facility (SMCCF), one of the Fed’s corporate bond-buying programs, to support market liquidity and the availability of credit for large employers. The recent change allows the facility to buy U.S. corporate bond portfolios that track a broad market index. Continue reading “Federal Reserve Expands Support to Corporate Bond Markets Again”

Federal Reserve Amends Main Street Lending Program

June 10, 2020
On June 8, the Federal Reserve announced significant changes to the Main Street Lending Program, a new facility designed to support lending to small and medium-sized businesses. The changes include decreasing the minimum loan amount for some loans, increasing the maximum loan amount, amending the loan repayment schedule, and extending the loan term.  Continue reading “Federal Reserve Amends Main Street Lending Program ”