Yale School of Management

Victoria Brescoll: Female Leaders Viewed as Incompetent When They Express Anger

Research by Victoria Brescoll was cited in a Guardian article to explain why Hillary Clinton’s occasional irritable outbursts on the campaign trail drew criticism that she was “out of control” while the same behavior by a man would have been perceived as assertiveness. Brescoll’s paper, “Can an Angry Woman Get Ahead? Gender, Status Conferral, and Workplace Emotion Expression” with E.L. Uhlmann, found that people reward men who get angry but view angry women as incompetent and unworthy of status and power in the workplace.